Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-colonization
Why 'consciencism'? The answer is that in this concept Dr Nkrumah draws together strands from the three main traditions which go to make up the African conscience: the Euro-Christian, the Islamic, and the original African. He characterizes traditional African society as essentially egalitarian, and argues that a new African philosophy must draw its nourishment chiefly from African roots. But he reviews Western philosophy in some detail to illustrate the thesis that philosophy, however academic, is always trying, explicitly or implicitly, to say something about society. It is this relevance of philosophy to society, and to social and political action in particular, that chiefly interests him.
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CHAPTER ONE Philosophy in Retrospect
CHAPTER THREE Society and Ideology
CHAPTER FOUR Consciencism
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accepted according activity African African society arises Aristotle assertion attempt basic become body capitalism categorial cause colonial common conceived conception connection consciousness continuity course critical derivation Descartes dialectical economic egalitarianism emergence equality ethical example existence experience explained exploitation extent fact forces fundamental give given Greek hand Hence human idea idealism ideology implies independence individual intellectual interests introduced kind knowledge laws liberated limits living logical mass materialism matter means mind moral motion nature necessary negative action neo-colonialism object opposition organization original particular philosophical consciencism Plato political positive action possible practice primary principles problem production progress properties propositions question raw material reality reason regarded relation represents revolution rules seeks sense social socialist society spirit territory Thales theory things thought transformation true truth unity universe whole