Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-colonization
Why 'consciencism'? The answer is that in this concept Dr Nkrumah draws together strands from the three main traditions which go to make up the African conscience: the Euro-Christian, the Islamic, and the original African. He characterizes traditional African society as essentially egalitarian, and argues that a new African philosophy must draw its nourishment chiefly from African roots. But he reviews Western philosophy in some detail to illustrate the thesis that philosophy, however academic, is always trying, explicitly or implicitly, to say something about society. It is this relevance of philosophy to society, and to social and political action in particular, that chiefly interests him.
CHAPTER ONE Philosophy in Retrospect
CHAPTER THREE Society and Ideology
CHAPTER FOUR Consciencism
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absolute and independent According to philosophical Anaxagoras Anaximander Aristotle assertion basic become body capitalism categorial conversion colonial colonialist country conceived conception consciousness contradiction cosmic raw material democracy derivative category Descartes dialectical disposition of matter economic egalitarianism empiricism ethical rules existence of matter explained exploitation fact feudalism forces in tension fundamental Greek society Heraclitus human humanist idea idealism idealist ideology implies individual inertness infinite instruments intellectual kind knowledge laws Leibniz liberated territory logical type mass materialist means metaphysics mind mind-body problem monists moral motion nature negative action neo-colonialism neutral monism object objective laws oligarchy pa>na pa>na)g philo philosophical consciencism philosophical materialism Plato political positive action possible primary reality principles properties propositions quantitative disposition quantity reality of matter reductionism religion represents revolution seeks self-motion sense slavery social-political theories socialist Socrates solipsism spirit surrogates Thales things thought transformation truth unity universe